Rethymno is one of the most beautiful and romantic of the Greek cities. The city is located on the island of Crete and is the capital of the same name with him nome. (Nom – territorial unit of the island). The city is small, but nevertheless Rethymnon is a cultural and scientific capital of the island. Town was founded in ancient times, but to this day the ancient buildings have not survived. Rethymno Acropolis with magnificent temple of Artemis was located in the Venetian fortress, which now dominates the old part of the island. Rethymno shared the fate of the Cretan cities. In the Hellenistic period the city is often at war with its neighbors, mainly against the mighty Knossos. C the arrival of the Romans in Crete, the island is at peace and serenity that is naturally a very positive impact on Rethymnon. The city became one of the most important commercial cities on the island, enjoyed a certain degree of autonomy and even minted its own coins. After the division of the Roman Empire into eastern and western parts of Rethymnon became part of the eastern part is Byzantium. Information about the history of this period is extremely scanty. As part of the Byzantine Empire Rethymno was until 1204, while the city did not get possession of the Republic of Venice as a trophy after the fourth crusade. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Ottoman port out into the Aegean Sea and over Crete threatened invasion by Turkish forces. The Venetians started a comprehensive program on the island for the modernization of fortifications. In Rethymnon, the program has been updated walls, as well as erected a fortress. I must say that quite inept Venetians surrendered the fortress and the town of Rethymno Turks. In 1646, when the Turkish army approached the walls of Rethymnon, the commandant of the fortress held that the defense is meaningless and preferred to surrender to the enemy. For comparison, a nearby Irakleon held more than 20 years.
Once I was going to spend your holiday in Sicily. But then she changed her mind and decided that we should at least once to look at the famous Venice. Upon his return, and change the choice does not regret. So, first things first: The city on the water. The fact that Venice is like a Saint-Petersburg e is true, but not so much, yet is far richer than Venice canals, than the good old Peter. But the water is poor, unfortunately, in some places (as long as riding in a gondola) frankly smelled of sewage, and water can not be called pure. However, this is normal, the water-almost motionless, although in theory should vary sea-g. And of course, water – salt – drink it unnecessarily desire does not arise (a looking it is no desire at all:)). When I was stood duhoten terrible, so the need doused with cool water of a very urgent. But no fountains or sources, in contrast to all other tourist centers, where I go around was not observed. Only after careful study area have found two freshwater source: the Church of St. Zacharias and Santa Maria della Formosa. And in Venice is the only form of transport- river! Not very convenient, but brutally romantic! All other funds are absolutely useless: on the Venetian streets do not pass on any that I know of means of transport. Even the bike there unnecessarily, since almost all the bridges in Venice 'hooked' and comfortable for pedestrians equipped with stairs. So especially on a bike, then do not overclock. The fact that Venice goes under the water and slowly breaks down, they know everything. However, until you come directly on the site, do not realize the extent of destruction. It is a pity's incredible! The city actually has its own aura, and somehow magically pull-charm. And in Venice, almost no one lives. Remained a handful of fanatics and hometown patriots who are willing to tolerate enormous inconvenience for the sake of worldly harmony of water and stone. A poor man repaired to the apartment twice a year, because because of the wild humidity climbed all the plaster and cracks.