The majority of the falls presented for the aged ones results of a complex interaction between these factors, compromising the involved systems with the maintenance of the balance. (FABRICIO, 2004) As Gamma (2008), the fall is a common event for great part of the aged people and can have disastrous consequncias. In Brazil, according to data of the System of Information Doctor/Health department, enters the years of 1.979 and 1.995, about 54.730 people had died due the falls, being that more than the halves of these people (52%), they were aged and 39.8% presented age between 80 years and 89 years. In Brazil, it enters the years of 1.984 and 1.994, it grew the participation of the falls in proportional mortality for external causes, on 3% for 4,5%. 2,2 Factors of risk the stability of the body depends on the adequate reception of information of sensorial, cognitivos components, integrativos central offices (mainly cerebellum) and musculoesquelticos, of form highly integrated. The cumulative effect of related alterations the age, illnesses and inadequate environment seem to premake use to the fall. The factors related with the age are diverse that contribute for the instability and falls. Many falls ‘ ‘ acidentais’ ‘ they are caused by one or the combination of these factors interacting with the ambient perigo .
The reduction of the mass enters its factors of risk appears clearly definite ssea associated with osteoporose and the repetition falls, with traumas of low impact. Others many factors are cited in studies for raising the risk of falls, amongst them, the diverse ingesta of alcohol, coffee, tobacco, frmacos, psicotrpicos medicines, the presence of sensorial or cognitivas alterations. The breaking of antebrao costuma to produce for falls with the extended hand, in dorsal flexo. It represents the sixth cause of breakings in medical services of urgency. The pelvic breakings almost always have a fall antecedent.