Hypertension is a disease considered as chronic, basically characterized by an uncontrollable growth in the figures of blood pressure in the arteries of the body. This disease is closely associated with mortality rates and therefore, is considered hypertension is one of the most important problems of public health, especially in developed countries. Although hypertension is a disease that has affected nearly one billion people and that if not detected early it can pursue extremely serious complications, is an extremely easy to detect disease. Arterial hypertension of silent way, causes changes in blood flow level macrovascular and microvascular level, which in turn, are the product of a dysfunction in the inner lining of the blood vessels of the body, remodeling the arterioles wall. Arterioles in turn, are responsible for maintaining the peripheral vascular balance. Although in reality there is a boundary between the risk and the safety of the pressure from the Agency, according to international consensus, reached the conclusion that over 193 mm systolic and diastolic greater than 89 mm, are associated with increased risk of high blood pressure..